Dental and Medical Counsel Blog

The New Landscape of Non-Compete Agreements in California: Implications for Dentists

September 20, 2023
Non Comepete Agreement Dental

In the ever-evolving world of employment contracts, California has once again set a precedent that resonates across professions, including the dental industry. The state's stance on non-compete agreements has recently undergone significant modifications, challenging the norm and shifting the balance of power between employers and employees. Like other professionals, dentists must now navigate these changes and comprehend their impact. This article aims to unravel the intricacies of the new amendments, especially focusing on the implications for dentists in the Golden State.

A Brief Overview of Senate Bill 699

Senate Bill 699, signed on September 1, 2023, marks a pivotal change in California's landscape of non-compete agreements. The bill amends the California Business & Professions Code Section 16600, putting a more stringent prohibition on non-compete agreements. This prohibition stands firm regardless of whether the agreement was drafted or signed outside of California's jurisdiction. The enforcement of this law will commence on January 1, 2024, heralding a new era in employment contracts in the state.

The catalyst behind this bill stems from the desire to protect employees from undue restrictions, even if their contract originates from another state. As the world becomes more interconnected, and remote work becomes ubiquitous, the challenge of honoring non-compete clauses from different jurisdictions comes to the fore. By expanding the restrictions to agreements signed outside California, SB 699 ensures that the state's public policy is uniformly applied. This decision not only levels the playing field but also solidifies California's pro-employee stance.

Why Senate Bill 699 Matters

At its core, SB 699 focuses on growth, innovation, and fairness, but employers, including dental practices, must be aware of its implications. Non-compete clauses, while standard in many states have often been viewed critically for stifling economic development and innovation. By placing restrictions on employees, these clauses can dampen the entrepreneurial spirit, hindering the free movement of talent.

Non-compete contracts, the state argues, depress innovation, wage growth, and economic development. The state's prior prohibition of such agreements has resulted in palpable benefits, from heightened competition to burgeoning entrepreneurship.

The Expanding Boundaries of Section 16600

The original Section 16600 was clear in its intent: any contract restraining an individual from engaging in their profession was deemed void. However, the globalized workforce and the rising trend of remote work have blurred geographical boundaries. Recognizing this shift, SB 699 introduced Section 16600.5 to the Business & Professions Code, fortifying the existing protections and expanding them to encompass contracts originating outside of California.

This amendment ensures that no employer, which includes dental practices and owners, can enforce a non-compete agreement on an employee based in California. It's a move that underscores the state's commitment to the freedom of its workforce.

Legal Implications for Dental Practice Owners

For dental practice owners, SB 699 carries significant implications. The dynamics of hiring, employee retention, and contractual negotiations will likely see a paradigm shift. While the bill is fundamentally employee-centric, it's essential for employers, especially in the specialized field of dentistry, to understand its intricacies and ramifications. It is just as important for dentists to reach out to experts who can help them navigate these new requirements. 

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Civil Violations

Employers violating the stipulations of SB 699 don't merely face contractual challenges; they stand accused of committing a "civil violation." The consequences are more serious, as they go beyond just contractual nullifications. Employers could face legal consequences for attempting to enforce a void contract, even if it originates from outside California. This scenario requires a thorough review of existing employment contracts for dental practice owners to ensure compliance.

In addition, the law provides teeth to the aggrieved party, allowing them to seek both injunctive relief and actual damages. This dual mechanism means that employers could not only be restrained from enforcing a non-compete but might also be liable for compensatory damages. The scales, undoubtedly, are tilted towards the employee, making it imperative for dental practice owners to tread cautiously.

Challenging Void Contracts

In the event of a contract's terms violating the provisions of SB 699, the agreement becomes void by default. But how does one challenge a void contract? Employees have the right to contest such contracts, seeking both judicial relief and potential damages. While the grounds for a challenge can vary, the core premise remains the same: the contract restrains the individual from pursuing their profession.

In addition, employers, especially dental practices, must proactively review and amend their contracts. Relying on old contractual templates or ignoring the stipulations of SB 699 can result in major legal consequences. This only further highlights the importance of working with legal experts who specialize in this area. 

Understanding "Injunctive Relief"

Injunctive relief, in the context of SB 699, refers to a court's order preventing an employer from enforcing a non-compete clause. Employees can pursue this if they believe their rights, as protected by the bill, are being infringed upon. Given the pro-employee stance of the bill, courts are likely to grant such relief, especially if the employer's violation is clear and blatant.

But what does this mean for dental practice owners? Simply put, attempting to enforce a non-compete agreement, even inadvertently, could land the practice in hot water. The court's intervention could halt any such enforcement, rendering the clause redundant. It's a powerful tool in the hands of employees, and dental practices must remain cognizant of its implications.

Rights to Damages and Compensation

The ramifications of violating SB 699 aren't limited to just injunctions. Employees have the right to seek damages and compensation, making any transgression a potentially costly affair for employers. The bill stipulates that aggrieved parties can claim actual damages, meaning compensation proportional to the harm suffered. In certain scenarios, where the violation is egregious, compensation could be substantial.

For dental practices, this underlines the importance of compliance. The monetary and reputational costs associated with a violation can be staggering. It's a reminder that while the spirit of SB 699 is to empower employees, its provisions carry weight and teeth, making adherence paramount.

Rights and Power of Employees

With the passage of SB 699, the state of California has further empowered its workforce. Regardless of their profession, employees have been granted additional rights and tools to protect their interests. The bill's design ensures that professionals, including dentists, can freely pursue opportunities without the shadow of restrictive clauses looming over them.

Furthermore, the legal provisions enshrined within the bill offer a robust protection mechanism. From seeking injunctive relief to claiming damages, the array of remedies available to aggrieved employees is extensive. These provisions don't just deter potential violations but also offer a roadmap for redressal. It's a new era, with the employee firmly in the driver's seat.

Potential Impact on Out-of-State Employers

SB 699's implications aren't limited to just California-based employers. Out-of-state employers, especially those with a remote workforce based in California, are equally bound by the provisions of this bill. While the fundamental principle remains the same - protecting the rights of the employee - the mechanics of enforcement and compliance become more nuanced when dealing with out-of-state entities.

Early Litigation Tactics

One of the strategies out-of-state employers might employ is to resort to early litigation, attempting to enforce the non-compete in their home jurisdiction. By doing so, these employers aim to circumvent California's stringent laws, relying instead on their own state's potentially more lenient stance. However, while creative, such tactics might not hold water, given the clear mandate of SB 699.

In addition, any attempt to enforce a non-compete clause against a California-based employee would need to overcome substantial legal hurdles. The proactive approach of seeking enforcement elsewhere might backfire, with the potential of courts in California nullifying such judgments. The message is clear: geographical boundaries cannot be used as a tool to bypass California's commitment to employee rights.

The California Court's Potential Response

How California courts respond to out-of-state litigations and judgments will be pivotal. While the letter of the law is clear, its interpretation remains to be seen, especially in the context of multi-jurisdictional challenges. Early indicators suggest that California courts are likely to prioritize the rights of their state's workforce over out-of-state judgments. It is important for dental practice owners to stay updated on the news and reach out to professionals who can help them protect themselves against potential legal challenges and litigation concerns. 

However, each case will be unique, with its own set of facts and challenges. The complexity of global workforces, remote working, and contractual nuances will all play a role. It remains to be seen how these nuances are going to impact the interpretation and enforcement of the law, which further highlights the importance of reaching out to Legal professionals. 

The Challenge of Enforcing Non-Competes Elsewhere

The challenges posed by SB 699 aren't restricted to just California or even the US. Given the globalized nature of the workforce, employers from other countries might also face hurdles if they attempt to enforce non-compete clauses against California-based employees. The universal application of SB 699 means that no employer, regardless of their location, can restrain a California professional from pursuing their trade.

For employers, this necessitates a rethink of their contractual strategies. Depending on a non-compete clause to protect their interests might no longer be viable, especially if their employee is based in California. New mechanisms, which align with the provisions of SB 699, will need to be devised.

Implications for Dentists in California

Dentists in California, like other professionals, need to be prepared for SB 699. Individual dentists now have the freedom to pursue opportunities, switch practices, or even set up their own clinics without the fear of contractual restraints opens a world of possibilities. The new landscape promises to invigorate the dental profession, fostering competition, innovation, and growth.

However, with freedom comes responsibility. Dentists must also be aware of their contractual obligations, ensuring they don't inadvertently violate any clause not covered by SB 699. While the bill is undoubtedly a game-changer, due diligence and contractual clarity remain paramount. If you own a dental practice, you need to make sure you structure your contracts appropriately. This is another area where our legal team can help you.

Preparing for January 1, 2024

The clock is ticking, with January 1, 2024, just around the corner. Employers, including dental practices, need to gear up for the new landscape. This involves reviewing existing contracts, consulting legal counsel, and ensuring compliance with SB 699. Procrastination is not an option, given the legal ramifications of non-compliance.

For employees, it's an opportunity to familiarize themselves with their rights. Understanding the nuances of SB 699, seeking legal advice if needed, and ensuring their contracts reflect the new reality are critical steps. The dawn of 2024 promises a new era, but preparation is key to harnessing its potential. If Dental & Medical Counsel did not help you structure your employment contracts, you need to reach out to us as soon as possible to ensure you comply with the new law. 

Did Dental & Medical Counsel Do You Employment Contracts?

Did we help you draft your contracts? Dental & Medical Counsel has been at the forefront, offering legal services tailored for the medical and dental community. Our expertise in crafting employment contracts is widely recognized, making them a go-to choice for many.

However, with SB 699 coming into play, even contracts drafted by seasoned professionals need a review. The legal landscape has shifted, and what was once compliant might no longer be so. For those who need help, now's the time to reach out to us and ensure your contracts align with the new provisions. Count on our legal team to help you protect yourself in light of this new law. 

Contact Dental & Medical Counsel To Ensure Legal Compliance

Navigating the complexities of SB 699 can be daunting. But with Dental & Medical Counsel by your side, you can be assured of expert guidance. Our team of legal professionals specializes in medical and dental contracts, offering tailored advice that aligns with the latest regulations.

As the New Year approaches, don't leave your compliance to chance. Reach out to Dental & Medical Counsel, ensure your contracts are in order, and step into 2024 with confidence and clarity. It's not just about legal compliance; it's about ensuring a seamless professional journey in a rapidly evolving landscape. Contact Us today!


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Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is Senate Bill 699, and why is it important for dentists in California?

A: Senate Bill 699 is a new law in California that significantly impacts non-compete agreements. It matters for dentists because it changes the rules surrounding employment contracts in the state, specifically regarding non-compete clauses.

Q: When was Senate Bill 699 signed into law, and when does it take effect?

A: Senate Bill 699 was signed into law on September 1, 2023, and it will take effect on January 1, 2024.

Q: What does SB 699 mean for dental practice owners in California?

A: SB 699 carries significant implications for dental practice owners, affecting how they hire, retain employees, and negotiate employment contracts.

Q: What are the potential legal consequences for employers who violate SB 699?

A: Employers who violate the provisions of SB 699 may face civil violations, including legal consequences and the possibility of having to pay damages.

Q: How can employees challenge void contracts under SB 699, and what are the grounds for challenging them?

A: Employees have the right to contest void contracts under SB 699, primarily if the contract restricts them from pursuing their profession. Grounds for challenging can vary, but the core premise is the restraint on the individual's profession.

Q: What is "injunctive relief" in the context of SB 699, and how can employees seek it?

A: Injunctive relief is a court order that prevents an employer from enforcing a non-compete clause. Employees can seek injunctive relief if they believe their rights under SB 699 are being violated.

Q: What rights do employees have under SB 699, and how can they seek compensation for violations?

A: SB 699 grants employees the right to seek damages and compensation for violations, including actual damages proportional to the harm suffered.

Q: How does SB 699 impact out-of-state employers with California-based employees?

A: SB 699 also applies to out-of-state employers with employees based in California. It means that regardless of their location, employers cannot enforce non-compete agreements on California professionals.

Q: What might be the response of California courts to out-of-state litigations and judgments related to non-compete agreements?

A: California courts are likely to prioritize the rights of California employees over out-of-state judgments, but the interpretation and enforcement of the law may vary in each case.

Q: What steps should dental practice owners and dentists take to prepare for SB 699, and how can Dental & Medical Counsel assist?

A: To prepare for SB 699, dental practice owners and dentists should review existing contracts, consult legal counsel, and ensure compliance. Dental & Medical Counsel can help with contract reviews and compliance to ensure they align with the new provisions of SB 699.


At Dental & Medical Counsel, PC, we understand navigating the legal process can be tricky. We believe every doctor deserves the best advice and service so doctors can do what they do best, treat their patients. We make their lives easier by providing expert guidance, so they can focus on their personal and professional aspirations.

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About Ali Oromchian, Esq.

Ali Oromchian, JD, LL.M. is the founding attorney of the Dental & Medical Counsel, PC law firm and is renowned for his expertise in legal matters

In addition to practicing law for almost 20 years, Ali is also a renowned speaker, throughout North America, on topics such as practice transitions, employment law, negotiation strategies, estate planning, and more! Ali has helped hundreds of dentists realize their professional goals and looks forward to aiding you in navigating the legal landscape. 


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